Pressure stepped up for un force in east timor by nick beams 7 september 1999 mounting pressure is being applied by the major western powers on the indonesian government of president b j habibie. The timor leste defence force (forças de defesa de timor-leste, f-fdtl) is the military body responsible for the defence of east timor the f-fdtl was established in february 2001 and comprised two small infantry battalions, a small naval component, and several supporting units. Indonesian court acquits military of east timor atrocities by peter symonds 29 august 2002 the outcome of the first trials by an indonesian court over the massacres in east timor in 1999, prior to.
Unlike the rest of indonesia, which had been a dutch colony, east timor was governed by the portuguese for 400 years, and while 90% of indonesians are muslim, the east timorese are primarily catholic. Eng/indonesian indonesia has reiterated their refusal to allow a united nations peacekeeping force into east timor, to help quell the continuing violence in the territory. That has been taken by indonesian military indonesian air force (tni-au) acts as the air elements that support the seroja of indonesian military in east timor.
The united nations mission in east timor (unamet) was established to organise and conduct a referendum on the question of independence it was composed of police and observers rather than military personnel. Portuguese rule from the 16th century onwards, east timor was a portuguese colony known as portuguese timor the rest of the island of timor, and the other islands that were later to become indonesia, were colonised by the dutch between the 17th and 19th centuries, and were known as the dutch east indies. Dili, timor-leste — munir was a genuine friend of the east timorese people, and all other oppressed peoples across the region, said diamantino da costa freitas, a victim of the indonesian. East timor is a country in southeast asia, officially known as democratic republic of timor-lestethe country comprises the eastern half of the island of timor and the nearby islands of atauro and jaco. English/nat a contingent of over 400 security personnel left jakarta for east timor on monday international concern about violence in the territory has forced the indonesian government to.
East timor is technically the democratic republic of timor leste the country is located in the southeastern part of asia east timor is north and west of australia and is a part of the lesser sunda islands, which are a part of the indonesian archipelago. The indonesian invasion of east timor, known in indonesia as operation lotus began on 7 december 1975, when the indonesian military invaded east timor under the pretext of anti-colonialism the overthrowing of a popular and briefly fretilin-led government later sparked a violent quarter-century. Western military officials say that the attacks may be a last-ditch effort by the militias and their indonesian military sponsors to block independence for east timor, the former portuguese colony.
The international force for east timor, or interfet, under the command of australian major general peter cosgrove, entered dili on 20 september and by 31 october 2000 the last indonesian troops had left east timor. Indonesia occupied east timor from december 1975 to october 1999 after centuries of portuguese colonial rule in east timor, a 1974 coup in portugal led to decolonisation among its former colonies, creating instability in east timor and leaving its future uncertain. Indonesian nationalist and military hardliners, particularly leaders of the intelligence agency kopkamtib and special operations unit, opsus, saw the portuguese coup as an opportunity for east timor's integration with indonesia. The united nations mission in east timor (unamet) was established to organize and conduct a referendum on the question of independence it was composed of police and observers rather than military personnel.
The indonesian occupation of east timor was characterised by a highly violent decades-long conflict between separatist groups and the indonesian military, in 1999, following the united nations-sponsored act of self-determination, indonesia relinquished control of the territory. East timor's independence (december 2000 - july 2001) - this page looks at the process of building the new governance of east timor, with commentary on the role of untaet and the interim east timorese cabinet. The international force for east timor (interfet) was a multinational non-united nations peacemaking taskforce, organised and led by australia in accordance with united nations resolutions to address the humanitarian and security crisis which took place in east timor from 1999-2000 until the arrival of un peacekeepers.
Indonesia's annexation of timor-leste was by far one of the most brutal military occupations in the latter half of the 20th century in order to maintain control over the occupied territory, indonesian military forces detained, tortured, executed, and forcibly disappeared tens of thousands of timorese. Finally, on september 18, one contingency force of blue berets (an international military force) was deployed to east timor, consisting initially of 2500 men, later extended to 8000, including australians, british, french, italians, malaysians, north americans, brazilians and argentineans, among others. East timor was a portuguese colony for more than 400 years until 1974, when portugal sought to establish a provisional government and popular assembly to determine the future of east timor civil war broke out between those who favored independence and those who advocated integration with indonesia.
The potential danger in east timor will come from irregular militias that have terrorized the former portuguese colony, with the backing of some elements of the indonesian military. Indonesia and east timor: against impunity, for justice introduction clinton fernandes of the australian defence force academy outlines the history of successive forums for investigation of crimes committed in east timor by indonesian military forces and militia forces under indonesian control between 1975 and 1999. A former portuguese colony, east timor (now timor-leste) is located on the eastern half of the island of timor (the western half became a part of indonesia immediately following independence) the 1974 revolution in portugal signaled the end of portuguese colonial power, and immediately thereafter.